Two routes for recycling
The Li-ion batteries collected by ARN can then take one of two routes. If the batteries are still in sufficiently good condition and are suitable for a second life, they are sent to one of the companies with an end-of-waste ruling. The other route is directly to the battery recycler, who as well as possible will separate the materials for reuse.
Implementation of manufacturers’ responsibility
ARN implements the manufacturers’ responsibility for the importers of propulsion batteries and reports each year to the government on the number of propulsion batteries collected and recycled, and the recycling performance achieved.
Results in 2020
In 2020, more than 70 importers participated in ARN’s collective system. In total, in 2020, more than 121 tonnes of propulsion batteries were collected, more than 80% of which were sent to a recycling company. Just under 20% of the end-of-life batteries went on for a second life, via a conversion company; in most cases, they were put to use in stationary solutions for electricity storage. If a propulsion battery is sent to a recycling company, more than 70% of the raw materials can be retrieved. The propulsion batteries that are given a second life contribute almost 100% to the reuse percentage; in this process, only a small percentage is lost.
There are legal requirements on starter batteries, including a compulsory take-back network, compulsory collection free of charge and a recycling target of 65% of the weight of the battery. Because of the positive residual value of the starter battery, taking these batteries back free of charge, is self-evident. The recycling target of 65% is easily achieved.
The batteries are registered via the ARN/Stibat system; this applies both to batteries placed on the market and batteries collected for recycling. In 2019, 13,442,792 kg (13,443 tonnes) of starter batteries were collected and recycled.